How do I cite a digital PDF?
Always cite the PDF based on what the source in the file actually is.
- In MLA formatting, you can change the medium description to “PDF file.”
- In an APA citation, cite a PDF the same way you would cite a webpage, and include the PDF link as the URL.
How do you cite a CSE style?
The CSE style encompasses three distinct systems: Name-Year: In-text citations appear in brackets, and consist of the author(s) last name, as well as the document’s year of publication (e.g. Smith 2008). The end reference list appears in alphabetical order by author last name.
How do you cite a website in CSE?
- Author (last name, first/middle initials).
- Date of publication or last updated, preceded by ‘c’.
- Title of Website [Internet].
- Place of publication (City (State initials)) and publisher name/organization.
- Title of web page; publication date (if referencing a specific web page)
What is CSE citation format?
CSE Citation-Name Style CSE style uses a reference list, not a bibliography, which means that you only list items you cite in your project or paper. There must be agreement between the sources cited in your work and the sources listed in the references section..
What is CSE format for a paper?
CSE Paper Format Add a header after the cover page. The header should contain the title and page number (starting with 2). Double space the entire paper and use 1 inch margins. If you use sections like “Abstract, Introduction, Discussions”, center the section title on the page.
Is CSE the same as APA?
APA style is often used by Education and Psychology. MLA style is typically used by the Humanities. CSE style is generally used by the Sciences.
Is CSE format double spaced?
A title page is required for CSE. The entire title page should be double spaced. Use 12 point black Times New Roman font. Omit a header or a page number on the title page.
Does CSE use hanging indent?
CSE provides no guidelines for formatting a reference list in the name-year system in a student paper, but you can use a hanging indent for readability: Type the first line of each entry flush left, and indent any additional lines one-half inch.
How do I create a hanging indent in Word?
Create a hanging indent
- Select the text where you want to add a hanging indent.
- Go to Home > Paragraph dialog launcher. > Indents and Spacing.
- Under Special, select Hanging. You can adjust the depth of the indent using the By field.
- Select OK.
What is a hanging indent example?
A hanging indent is an indent that indents all text except for the first line. An example is below: There are a few ways to create hanging indents. On most computers, you can create a hanging indent by selecting the line you want indented and then holding down the Ctrl and T buttons at the same time.
What does a hanging indent look like?
What does a hanging indent look like? The first line of your reference citation will line up with the left margin and each line after will be indented one-half inch from the left margin. It basically is opposite of a normal paragraph where you indent the first line.
How do you indent for APA in Word?
It’s easier done than said (works for Word on PC or MAC):
- Place your cursor at the beginning of your citation, and highlight it.
- Right click your mouse.
- Select Paragraph from the resulting pop up menu.
- Under Indentation, use the Special pull-down menu to select hanging.
- Use the By menu to select 0.5″
How much do you indent references in APA?
Format each reference with a hanging indent, which means that the first line of each reference entry is aligned flush with the left margin and each subsequent line has a hanging indent of 1.27 cm or 0.5 in (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 303).
How do you change references in Word?
Edit a source
- On the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Manage Sources.
- In the Source Manager dialog box, under Master List or Current List, select the source you want to edit, and then click Edit.
- In the Edit Source dialog box, make the changes you want and click OK.
How do you indent a reference list in Word?
Highlight the References list. Under Home tab, click on the arrow by Paragraph. In the Indentation section, use the drop down under Special to choose Hanging. Click OK.
How do you do a hanging indent on Word for Mac?
How to Make a Hanging Indent on Microsoft Word for Mac
- Select the paragraph or text you want to indent.
- Navigate to Format and select Paragraph.
- Look for the Indentation section and choose Hanging from the Special drop-down list.
- In By section you can increase or decrease the depth of the indent, by default it’s 0.5″
How do you indent references in Powerpoint?
Add a hanging indent
- Highlight all the text (other than the first line of the paragraph) you want to indent.
- Click the Home tab, and then click the Paragraph dialog box launcher.
- Under Indentation, in the Before text box, click the arrow to approximately . 5″.
- Click the arrow next to Special, and choose Hanging.
What is indentation in PowerPoint?
Indentation and line spacing are two important features you can use to change the way text appears on a slide. Indentation can be used to create multilevel lists or to visually set paragraphs apart from one another.
How do you increase indent in PowerPoint?
Select the paragraph or paragraphs you want to indent. Click the Home tab, and then click the Paragraph dialog box launcher. Under Indentation, in the Before text box, click the arrow to set the measurement you want, such as 0.5″. Note: One-half inch is the typical measurement for indenting a paragraph.
Can you do a hanging indent in Google Slides?
Creating a hanging indent in Google Slides is really a two-step project. First you indent all of your text, and then pull the first line back to its original position. Now, click and drag the blue arrow over to the position where you want your hanging indent to be.
How big should a hanging indent be?
Hanging indents: Each reference should be formatted with what is called a hanging indent. This means the first line of each reference should be flush with the left margin (i.e., not indented), but the rest of that reference should be indented 0.5 inches further.
How many spaces is a hanging indent?
Do you use a hanging indent in APA?
A hanging indent is an APA guideline for formatting your reference page. The first line of your reference will line up with the left margin and each line after will be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
What is a hanging indent in a reference list?
Apply a hanging indent to each reference list entry. This means that the first line of each entry is left aligned, while the second and subsequent lines are indented (the Publication Manual recommends 0.5″ or 1.27cm—the default in Microsoft Word).
Why won’t Google Docs let me indent the second line?
Google Docs also doesn’t let you create indents by formatting styles. So, if you want to create indents, you’ll need to use the full web version, and you’ll need to make the ruler visible. To start, select the paragraphs to which you want to apply your indent (or select your whole document by hitting Ctrl+A).