How To Read A Survey Map With A Compass


Table of Contents

How do you read a land survey with a compass?

How to Use a Compass to Find Your Property Lines
  1. Find the local difference between true north and magnetic north (known as declination). …
  2. Locate a beginning point corner mentioned in your deed description. …
  3. Position your body in the direction of the next corner using the compass as your guide.

How do you use a compass on a survey map?

Place your compass on the map with the direction of travel arrow pointing toward the top of the map. Rotate the bezel so that N (north) is lined up with the direction of travel arrow. Slide the baseplate until one of its straight edges aligns with either the left or right edge of your map.

How do you read degrees on a survey map?

Directly to your right (East) would be 90 degrees East of North. If you turned around you would be facing South and would be 180 degrees South of North. As you continue to turn you would face West located 90 degrees West of North. Survey plats can also be read in reverse.

Are Survey maps true north or magnetic north?

Surveyors used a compass to determine the direction of survey lines. Compasses point to magnetic north rather than true north. This declination error is measured in degrees and can range from a few degrees to ten degrees or more.

How do I find my property lines for free?

How to Find Property Lines for Free
  1. Homeowner’s Deed. …
  2. A Tape Measure. …
  3. Existing Property Survey from Mortgage or Title Company. …
  4. Existing Property Survey from County or Local Municipality. …
  5. Buried Pins. …
  6. Use an App. …
  7. Hire a Licensed Land Surveyor.

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How do you read property boundaries?

Property boundaries are denoted with both bearing and distance.

The distance indicates how far from a given point a boundary line extends.
  1. The bearing represents the angle between north or south and east or west. …
  2. Degrees minutes and seconds are the units of measure for property survey bearings.

How do you use a compass for beginners?

How do surveyors measure property lines?

Taking the details from the legal description and plat map a surveyor carefully measures the legal boundaries of your property. The surveyor will bury survey pins if they’re not already there and often mark the spots with stakes or flags for easy use.

How do you use a compass and protractor?

How do you read degrees and minutes on a compass?

Degrees minutes and seconds are denoted by the symbols ° ‘ “. e.g. 10° 33’ 19” means an angle of 10 degrees 33 minutes and 19 seconds . A degree is divided into 60 minutes (of arc) and each minute is divided into 60 seconds (of arc).

What is Surveyors compass?

The surveyor’s compass (Fig. 11) is an instrument for determining the horizontal direction of a line with reference to the direction of a magnetic needle. … The circle is covered with a glass plate to protect the needle and the graduations the part enclosed being known as the “compass-bos”.

How do you read bearing angles?

A bearing is an angle measured clockwise from the north direction. Below the bearing of B from A is 025 degrees (note 3 figures are always given). The bearing of A from B is 205 degrees. A B and C are three ships.

How do I find true north on a compass?

To find true north turn the bezel the same magnitude and direction as your declination value. Most compasses will have degree markers on the bezel to help you do this. Next line up your needle and your orienting arrow by turning your body again. You should now be facing true north!

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Where is the north arrow located on the survey?

The north arrow or north point must be shown on all survey plans as it shows the relationship between the subject lands to the official north direction. Typically the north arrow is positioned visibly at the top of the survey plan.

What is true north in surveying?

True north is the direction that points directly towards the geographic North Pole. This is a fixed point on the Earth’s globe.

Can my neighbor build a fence on the property line?

Can Your Neighbor Build a Fence on the Property Line? From a purely legal standpoint the neighbor in most circumstances can build the fence and even can ask you to pay 50 percent of the cost of the fence. Their sudden fence project may hinge more on the issue of notice than anything else.

Is there a app that shows property lines?

The LandGlide mobile app provides you with easy access to parcel boundaries and national property data throughout the entire U.S. specifically designed for the mobile user who requires instant access to determine a property’s location boundary address ownership information and other characteristics while outside …

How do you mark property corners?

Property boundaries are often identified above ground with the use of stakes to mark the corner points. Years ago wooden stakes were often used to mark property lines. More recently long metal posts that are visible about 1 to 2 feet above ground have been used.

How do you read a survey map bearing?

A direction that is expressed as a standard bearing is also based on a 360 degree circle but uses different points of reference. A bearing of N 60 degrees east means the direction is 60 degrees to the east of north. Likewise a bearing of S 15 degrees east means the direction is 15 degrees to the east of due south.

What do property survey pins look like?

Survey pins are thin iron bars two to three feet long and sometimes capped with plastic which the original survey crew inserted on the property lines. If you have access to a metal detector move the device over the ground along the sidewalk to the curb to locate the survey pin.

Where are my property lines?

Find your property line by visiting your local county recorder or assessor’s office. You can access public maps of your street and locate your boundaries. Many counties also let you access property lines online. If your property is on platted land you may be able to access the plat maps online.

How do u read a compass?

Place the compass flat on your palm with the direction of travel arrow pointing towards where you want to go. Twist your compass dial so that the orienting arrow lines up with the red end of the magnetic needle.

How do you read a map?

How do you tell direction with a compass?

How do I read a property survey report?

How do I find property markers on GPS?

How to find property lines with a GPS:
  1. Purchase and upload a GPS mapping software such as Global Mapper to your GPS device. …
  2. Obtain a plat map legal survey review mortgage map or legal land map from your county clerk’s office or mortgage servicing provider.

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How thick is a boundary line?

2.1 Legal boundary

It is an exact line having no thickness or width and is rarely identified with any precision either on the ground or in conveyances or transfers and is not shown on Ordnance Survey mapping.

How do you use a compass tool?

What does a protractor look like?

A protractor is either a circle or a semicircle. Protractors have been around since antiquity but currently are made of plastic or can be printed out on paper. Compasses which have also been around for centuries consist of two legs on a hinge.

What can I use if I don’t have a protractor?

What is 240 degrees on a compass?

The points of the compass are an evenly spaced set of horizontal directions (or azimuths) used in navigation and geography.

Chinese compass points.
Point Ordinal Name Angle
坤 kūn southwest 225°
shēn 240°
庚 gēng 255°
酉 yǒu west 270°

What do the degrees mean on a compass?

The numbers around the outside of the dial are degrees. There are 360 degrees or azimuths. They represent 360 directions that you can travel from any point. The four cardinal directions are north south east and west and are stated as N E S and W respectively.

What direction is 220 degrees?

If your orientation had been 220 degrees you would read it as 5 degrees South-Southwest.

How does a Surveyors compass work?

A circumferentor or surveyor’s compass is an instrument used in surveying to measure horizontal angles. … A circumferentor consists of a circular brass box containing a magnetic needle which moves freely over a brass circle or compass divided into 360 degrees. The needle is protected by a glass covering.

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