What was the name given to the first region of Australia settled by the British as a penal colony?
Although Australia’s first penal colony was often called Botany Bay its actual site was at Sydney on Port Jackson. Although currently under dispute many believe that Captain James Cook originally discovered the east coast of the continent in 1770 and named it New South Wales.
Is New Zealand Australia?
New Zealand is part of a region known as Australasia together with Australia.
What portion of New Guinea is the independent nation of Papua New Guinea?
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea is a sovereign island nation of Oceania comprising the eastern half of the Island of New Guinea and numerous offshore islands in the western South Pacific Ocean. Papua New Guinea is located in a region defined since the early 19th century as Melanesia.
Why are many Pacific island referred to as mirab economies quizlet?
The Pacific island countries are sometimes called MIRAB economies. What does MIRAB stand for? Migration remittances aid and bureaucracy. The have dependence on labor migration jobs with foreign governments and foreign aid.
Who found New Zealand?
Who discovered Australia and NZ?
How was New Zealand named?
The Dutch. The first European to arrive in New Zealand was the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642. The name New Zealand comes from the Dutch ‘Nieuw Zeeland’ the name first given to us by a Dutch mapmaker.
Is New Zealand a flag?
|Use||National flag and state ensign|
|Adopted||March 24 1902 (In use since 1869)|
|Design||A Blue Ensign with the a Union Jack in the first quarter and four five-pointed red stars with white borders on the fly representing the Southern Cross.|
|Designed by||Albert Hastings Markham|
Is New Zealand named after Zealand?
What is the difference between Papua New Guinea and New Guinea?
Why is New Guinea divided half?
The island of New Guinea was divided up by Dutch German and British colonialists in the middle of the last century. Like many such divisions it showed little regard for ethnic or religious groupings. The Western half of the island formerly Dutch New Guinea became a province of Indonesia in the 1960s.
Why is Papua New Guinea unexplored?
The rugged and extreme topography of the island besides lack of infrastructure limits travelling to and around Papua New Guinea. This is one of the main reasons why certain areas to the mountainous and junglecovered interior remain so unexplored.
What is the mirab?
MIRAB is an acronym for migration (MI) remittance (R) and foreign aid (A) and the public bureaucracy (B) the main components of the MIRAB model. … Evidence is given of the importance of migration and overseas remittance for the functioning of some Pacific island microstates such as Tonga.
What ethnic group in China practices Islam and has faced opposition from the government?
The Chinese government has long carried out repressive policies against the Turkic Muslim peoples in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in northwest China.
Where did the US conduct nuclear tests between 1946 1958 quizlet?
In 1947 the Marshall Islands became part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands created by the United Nations and then administered by the U.S. In 1946 the islands had a population of 52 000. Between 1946 and 1958 the United States conducted 67 nuclear tests in the Marshall Islands.
Who invaded New Zealand?
Though a Dutchman was the first European to sight the country it was the British who colonised New Zealand.
Why did the British migrate to New Zealand?
Later the British Government encouraged British families to come here. The British Government thought that Aotearoa would be a good base in the Pacific for Britain. Many British families packed their bags and boarded ships to start a new life in a land they had never seen on the other side of the world.
Was New Zealand discovered before Australia?
Australia and New Zealand had quite separate indigenous histories settled at different times by very different peoples – Australia from Indonesia or New Guinea around 50 000 years ago New Zealand from islands in the tropical Pacific around 1250–1300 CE.
Who named Australia?
How old is Australia today?
As such a nation created through law Australia is 117 years old.
Where did the Maori come from?
Māori are the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand they settled here over 700 years ago. They came from Polynesia by waka (canoe). New Zealand has a shorter human history than any other country.
What continent is NZ?
Why is New Zealand called kiwi?
Why is NZ called NZ?
In 1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to discover New Zealand calling it Staten Land. In 1645 Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicized the name to New Zealand.
How do you say hello in New Zealand?
Try to learn some Māori language phrases while you’re here – start with ‘Kia ora! ‘ – hello!
Why does NZ flag have 4 stars?
Why does New Zealand wear black?
Also known as the New Zealand Maori the players wore an entirely black playing kit with a silver fern badge. It is surmised that it was the Natives team strip that influenced Ellison to make the suggestion that the NZRU adopt the same design. Why the Natives team chose black as its jersey colour is still unknown.
Where is Zeland?
What does Zeeland mean in English?
Is New Zealand poor country?
Approximately 305 000 children in New Zealand live in poverty. This means over a quarter of children living within the country are underprivileged. Additionally 14 percent of these children cannot afford basic food housing or clothing.
What is wrong with Papua New Guinea?
When did Australia split from Papua New Guinea?
Following the passage of the Papua New Guinea Independence Act 1975 during the term of the Whitlam Government in Australia the Territory became the Independent State of Papua New Guinea and attained independence on 16 September 1975.
When did Australia separate from Papua New Guinea?
Papua New Guinea was ruled by Australia until independence in 1975. The two countries retained close relations with Australia supplying development aid.
What is Melanesia and Polynesia?
Early white visitors divided the South Sea region into three great areas which they called Polynesia (“many islands”) Melanesia (“black islands”) and Micronesia (“tiny islands”).