What are the principles of treatment of infectious diseases?


What are the principles of treatment of infectious diseases?

Kill the cause of the disease: Use medicines that can kill the pathogens. Each microbe undergoes some specific biochemical life process which helps them to survive. The intake of certain drugs that block these biochemical processes can help in killing the microorganism causing the disease.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – frequently wash hands with soap and water, if unavailable use alcohol-based hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol). Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available.

What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?

Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:

  • Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat.
  • Exercise.
  • Rest.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Control your blood pressure.
  • Limit your intake of alcohol.
  • Reduce stress.
  • Get regular check-ups.

What are the methods of disease control?

The infectious diseases may be prevented in one of two general ways: (1) by preventing contact, and therefore transmission of infection, between the susceptible host and the source of infection and (2) by rendering the host unsusceptible, either by selective breeding or by induction of an effective artificial immunity.

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne).

What are the principles of disease prevention?

How Can Disease Be Prevented?

  • Hygienic conditions should be maintained in the surroundings we live in.
  • Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases.
  • Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

How can we prevent and control diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.

  1. #1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs.
  2. #2 Wash Hands Often.
  3. #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces.
  4. #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve.
  5. #5 Don’t Share Personal Items.
  6. #6 Get Vaccinated.
  7. #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals.
  8. #8 Stay Home When Sick.

How can we prevent diseases Class 7?

Precautions to reduce incidence of infectious diseases are: (i) Stay away from the diseased person. (ii) Cover your mouth or nose while coughing or sneezing to prevent the spread of disease. (iii) Drink safe water. (iv) Keep the environment clean to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.

What is control of communicable disease?

The control of communicable diseases depends on a healthy environment (clean water, adequate sanitation, vector control, shelter), immunization, and health workers trained in early diagnosis and treatment. Thanks to effective environmental health measures, epidemics following disasters are no longer common.

What is the importance of disease prevention?

Taking care of yourself prevents health problems and saves money by reducing the number of office visits and medications you need. Self-care reduces the heavy costs of healthcare associated with disease.

What are the ways to prevent lifestyle disease?

Recommended Lifestyle Changes

  1. Avoid Tobacco Use. Avoidance of smoking by preventing initiation or by cessation for those who already smoke is the single most important way to prevent CVD and cancer (chapter 46).
  2. Maintain a Healthy Weight.
  3. Maintain Daily Physical Activity and Limit Television Watching.
  4. Eat a Healthy Diet.

What is safety and prevention?

Safety is about taking steps to avoid or reduce risk. This includes steps you take while working, driving, playing sports, and doing chores. Prevention is about the choices you make each day regarding, among other things, tobacco, alcohol, and sexual activity.

What is prevention and why is it important?

With respect to human services, prevention typically consists of methods or activities that seek to reduce or deter specific or predictable problems, protect the current state of well-being, or promote desired outcomes or behaviors.

Why is infection control and prevention important?

Infection prevention and control (IP&C) practices are important in maintaining a safe environment for everyone by reducing the risk of the potential spread of disease.

Which is more important disease prevention or disease treatment?

Overall, while there are challenges, prevention is far more cost effective than treatment and serves to decrease disease rates around the world. However, as it stands, global health focuses more on outbreaks after the fact than on keeping them from emerging.

Who said prevention is the best medicine?

The phrase ‘prevention is better than cure’ is often attributed to the Dutch philosopher Desiderius Erasmus in around 1500.

How is prevention better than treatment?

There are certain diseases that can not be treated so the prevention is better than cure. When someone is ill, person body functions get weakened and can never fully recover. It takes time to cure a disease and the person is likely to be in bedridden for some time, even though adequate care is provided to him.

What is injury prevention and control?

Injury prevention is an effort to prevent or reduce the severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms, such as accidents, before they occur.

What are the prevention of sports injuries?

10 Tips for Preventing Sports Injuries in Kids and Teens

  • Talk with your young athlete.
  • Get a preseason physical.
  • Encourage cross-training and a variety of sports.
  • Stress the importance of warming up.
  • Make sure they rest.
  • Provide a healthy, well-balanced diet.
  • Emphasize hydration.
  • Get the proper equipment.

What are the 9 principles of manual lifting which can help workers protect themselves from injury?

Key points

  • Workers must be trained in correct techniques for manual handling jobs.
  • No one should lift something that is too heavy for them.
  • Lift with the legs, not the back.
  • (Re)design the workplace to minimise manual handling risks.
  • Use mechanical/lifting aids where possible.
  • Plan regular breaks and rotate jobs.

How can injuries in the workplace be reduced?

10 Tips to Prevent Workplace Injuries

  1. Incorporate a safety and wellness plan.
  2. Conduct pre-placement physicals.
  3. Educate employees and management staff.
  4. Research safety vulnerabilities.
  5. Provide protection equipment.
  6. Have adequate staffing levels.
  7. Don’t take shortcuts.
  8. Inspect and maintain all company vehicles.

How can we reduce OSHA recordable injuries?

The best way to prevent OSHA recordables is to implement safety and health management systems that include management leadership and commitment, employee participation and acceptance, and hazard recognition and control so that injuries don’t occur.

What is the most common cause of injury in the workplace?

Work Overview The top three leading causes of work-related injuries – overexertion and bodily reaction, slips, trips and falls, and contact with objects and equipment – account for more than 84% of all nonfatal injuries involving days away from work.

What best defines a willful violation?

WILLFUL: A willful violation is defined as a violation in which the employer either knowingly failed to comply with a legal requirement (purposeful disregard) or acted with plain indifference to employee safety.

What is OSHA highest inspection priority?

imminent danger

What are the top 10 most frequently cited OSHA violations?

Top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards

  • Fall Protection–Training Requirements (29 CFR 1926.503) [related OSHA Safety and Health Topics page]
  • Machinery and Machine Guarding, general requirements (29 CFR 1910.212) [related OSHA Safety and Health Topics page]
  • Eye and Face Protection (29 CFR 1926.102) [related OSHA Safety and Health Topics page]

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