What does phalanx literally mean?
The word phalanx comes from the Greeks, though they were not the only ones who used this formation. The Greek term literally means “log” and was used for both this line of battle and for a bone in a finger or toe. The word and its senses passed into Latin and then were adopted into English in the 16th century.
What does phalanx mean in Greece?
phalanx, in military science, tactical formation consisting of a block of heavily armed infantry standing shoulder to shoulder in files several ranks deep. Fully developed by the ancient Greeks, it survived in modified form into the gunpowder era and is viewed today as the beginning of European military development.
Does phalanx mean finger?
Phalanx: Anatomically, any one of the bones in the fingers or toes. (Plural: phalanges.) There are 3 phalanges (the proximal, middle, and distal phalanx) in most of the fingers and toes. However, the thumb and large toe have only two phalanges that accounts for their being shorter.
What is an example of a phalanx?
Frequency: The definition of a phalanx is a community or group of people who are close or united for a purpose. An example of a phalanx is a group of friends huddled together for warmth.
Did the Romans use phalanx?
The Romans had originally employed the phalanx themselves but gradually evolved more flexible tactics. The result was the three-line Roman legion of the middle period of the Roman Republic, the Manipular System. Romans used a phalanx for their third military line, the triarii.
What is the phalanx bone?
“Phalanges” is the plural form of phalanx. In anatomy, it refers collectively to the digital (finger and toe) bones in the hands and feet. There are 56 phalanx bones in the human body. The big toe (known as the hallux) and the thumb each have two phalanges, while the other fingers and toes each have three.
How did Romans defeat phalanx?
At the Battle of Cynocephalae in 197 BCE, the Romans defeated the Greek phalanx easily because the Greeks had failed to guard the flanks of their phalanx and, further, the Greek commanders could not turn the mass of men who comprised the phalanxes quickly enough to counter the strategies of the Roman army and, after …
What defeated the phalanx?
Why did the Romans abandon the phalanx?
The assumption behind this question is that Rome initially used the hoplite phalanx in battle, but eventually abandoned it in favour of deployment in maniples, which were supposedly better suited for the hilly Italian countryside.
What is phalanx in anatomy?
The phalanges (single: phalanx) of the hands are the tubular bones of the fingers and thumb. The second to fifth fingers each contain a proximal, middle and distal phalanx whereas the thumb only contains a proximal and distal phalanx.
What is the only weakness of the phalanx?
The Macedonian phalanx had weaknesses similar to its hoplitic predecessor. Theoretically indestructible from the front, its flanks and rear were very vulnerable, and once engaged it may not easily disengage or redeploy to face a threat from those directions.
What is the purpose of a phalanx?
The Phalanx CIWS is a close-in weapon system for defense against incoming threats such as small boats, surface torpedoes, anti-ship missiles and helicopters. It was designed and manufactured by the General Dynamics Corporation, Pomona Division, later a part of Raytheon. Consisting of a radar-guided 20 mm Vulcan cannon mounted on a swiveling base, the Phalanx has been used by the United States Navy and the naval forces of 15 other countries. The US Navy deploys it on every class of surface combat
What is the difference between a phalanx and a toe?
This toe, referred to in anatomy as the first digit of the foot, is made up of two bones known as phalanges, whereas the four smaller toes have three apiece. The nearest phalanx of the hallux is known as the proximal or first phalanx, while the farthest bone is known as the distal or second phalanx.
What is the difference between phalanges and Phalanx?
As nouns the difference between phalange and phalanx is that phalange is (anatomy) one of the bones of the finger or toe , also called phalanx while phalanx is a large group of people, animals or things, compact or closely massed, or tightly knit and united in common purpose.
What is a sentence using phalanx?
Phalanx in a sentence. cavalry with his marching phalanx. Engelsman would have to convince a phalanx. phalanx stood up, she knocked the spear out of his grasp. The camp commander arrived with his phalanx of six Warriors. Vinny reluctantly followed the phalanx out to the parking lot. The camp commander arrived with the usual phalanx of six Warriors.