What impact did the Transcontinental Railroad have on Chinese immigrants?

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What impact did the Transcontinental Railroad have on Chinese immigrants?

Despite their hard work, the Chinese experienced discrimination for generations after the completion of the railroad. California laws prevented them from being admitted as witnesses in court, voting, and becoming naturalized citizens. Chinese schoolchildren were also subject to segregation.

How did the Chinese respond to working conditions on the Transcontinental Railroad?

How did the Chinese respond to working conditions on the transcontinental railroad? Some went on strike to combat low pay and terrible conditions.

How many Chinese people died building the Transcontinental Railroad?

Between 1865-1869, 10,000 -12,000 Chinese were involved in the building of the western leg of the Central Pacific Railroad. The work was backbreaking and highly dangerous. Approximately 1,200 died while building the Transcontinental Railroad.

How did westward expansion affect Chinese immigrants?

On the western railroad line, Chinese migrants, along with other nonwhite workers, were often given the most difficult and dangerous jobs of all. As Chinese workers began competing with white Americans for jobs in California cities, the latter began a system of built-in discrimination.

What impact did the Chinese immigrants have on America?

Chinese immigrants were particularly instrumental in building railroads in the American west, and as Chinese laborers grew successful in the United States, a number of them became entrepreneurs in their own right.

Why were Chinese workers needed to build the Transcontinental Railroad?

He told President Andrew Johnson that the Chinese were indispensable to building the railroad: They were “quiet, peaceable, patient, industrious and economical.” In a stockholder report, Stanford described construction as a “herculean task” and said it had been accomplished thanks to the Chinese, who made up 90% of the …

How did the Transcontinental Railroad affect immigration labor and the environment?

The completion of the transcontinental railroad led to heightened racial tensions in California, as white workers from the East Coast and Europe could more easily travel westward where immigrant laborers were prevalent, says Princeton University Assistant Professor of History Beth Lew-Williams, author of The Chinese …

How were the Chinese discriminated against during the construction of the transcontinental railroad?

“Chinese received 30-50 percent lower wages than whites for the same job and they had to pay for their own food stuffs,” Chang says. “They also had the most difficult and dangerous work, including tunneling and the use of explosives. There is also evidence they faced physical abuse at times from some supervisors.

What happened to the transcontinental railroad?

The tracks were abandoned in 1942 as the rails were needed to support the war effort during World War II; specifically, most of the track and hardware were relocated to military bases on the Pacific Coast.

How did the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 affect Chinese immigrants?

Meant to curb the influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States, particularly California, The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 suspended Chinese immigration for ten years and declared Chinese immigrants ineligible for naturalization.

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