What is drug abuse and its effect?
Seizures, stroke, mental confusion and brain damage. Lung disease. Problems with memory, attention and decision-making, which make daily living more difficult. Global effects of drugs on the body, such as breast development in men and increases in body temperature, which can lead to other health problems.
What are the major causes of drug abuse?
Certain factors can affect the likelihood and speed of developing an addiction:
- Family history of addiction. Drug addiction is more common in some families and likely involves genetic predisposition.
- Mental health disorder.
- Peer pressure.
- Lack of family involvement.
- Early use.
- Taking a highly addictive drug.
What is the effect of drugs in the community?
Substance abuse affects and costs the individual, the family, and the community in significant, measurable ways including loss of productivity and unemployability; impairment in physical and mental health; reduced quality of life; increased crime; increased violence; abuse and neglect of children; dependence on non- …
How do drugs affect our environment?
The following are some main ways the environment becomes tainted by medications: Drug residue can enter surface waters in the manufacturing process. Humans metabolize drugs and then excrete trace amounts of them into the sewer system. This waste ends up traveling through treatment systems and into the water supply.
How does drug abuse affect economy?
Drug and alcohol use in the United States costs $1.45 trillion in economic loss and societal harm annually. This includes $578 billion in economic loss and $874 billion dollars in societal harm through quality of life adjustment and premature loss of life.
How does drug trafficking affect the world?
The global drug trafficking market is constantly evolving, undermining economic and social development and contributing to crime, instability, insecurity and the spread of HIV. A key message of the campaign is driving action against transnational organized crime.
How much does drug abuse cost the US each year?
The estimated cost of drug abuse in the United States—including illegal drugs, alcohol, and tobacco—is more than $740 billion a year and growing, according to data reported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA.
What are the 4 levels of addiction?
The Four Stages of Addiction
- Stage 1: Experimentation. Very few people set out to become addicted.
- Stage 2: Regular Use & Abuse. In this next stage on the road toward addiction, something that was once considered recreational or temporary becomes a lifestyle.
- Stage 3: Dependency & Tolerance.
- Stage 4: Addiction.
- Detox, Treatment & Recovery.
Which is an example of drug misuse?
An example of drug misuse is when a person who can’t fall asleep after taking a single sleeping pill takes another pill an hour later hoping that “it’ll do the job.” However, it’s drug abuse when a person consumes sleeping pills to manage their moods or acquire a “buzz,” or — in worst-case scenarios — to commit suicide …
Are drug prevention programs effective?
Several program types have been shown to be effective in preventing drug abuse. School-based programs, the first to be fully developed and tested, have become the primary approach for reaching all children. Family-based programs have proven effective in reaching both children and their parents in a variety of settings.
What should a substance abuse prevention program do?
- Educating and raising awareness of the prevention of substance abuse in schools and communities.
- Encouraging efforts within communities and with community partners to promote healthy lifestyles.
- Positively influencing attitudes, norms, and values by empowering individuals and families.
Why drugs should be avoided?
They change the way your brain works. This can lead to depression, anxiety, and other mental illnesses. If you already have a mental health issue, drugs can worsen your condition. The best way to deal with stress is to confront it without using drugs.
How can we reduce the effect of drugs?
Know your triggers
- avoiding places where you know drugs and alcohol will be available.
- surrounding yourself with friends who don’t use drugs.
- knowing how to resist temptation.
- learning how to cope with stress and relax without drugs.
- distracting yourself with activities like exercise or listening to music.
Why do drugs have side effects?
Side effects occur because the body is a very complex. It is difficult to make a drug that targets one part of the body but that doesn’t affect other parts. Developing drugs is also complicated because no two people are exactly the same.
What are drugs side effects?
Side effects, also known as adverse events, are unwanted or unexpected events or reactions to a drug. Side effects can vary from minor problems like a runny nose to life-threatening events, such as an increased risk of a heart attack.
How do risk and protective factors influence drug abuse?
Risk factors can increase a person’s chances for drug abuse, while protective factors can reduce the risk. Please note, however, that most individuals at risk for drug abuse do not start using drugs or become addicted. Also, a risk factor for one person may not be for another.
What are some negative effects of peer pressure?
Negative effects of peer pressure include:
- pressure to use alcohol, cigarettes or drugs.
- pressure to engage in risk taking behaviours.
- distraction from schoolwork.
- distance between family and existing friends.
- drastic changes in behaviour and attitudes.
What are the 5 refusal skills?
With some changes these skills can also be used to resist the pressure to be a part of bullying!
- Say “NO THANKS.” The easiest but some forget to try it.
- Strength in numbers.
- Use Humor.
- Give a Reason, Fact or Excuse.
- Cold Shoulder or Ignore.
- Change the Subject.
- Walk Away.
- Broken Record or Repeated Refusal.
Why refusal skills are important?
The purpose of refusal skills is to give youth the ability to say NO to unwanted sexual advances or risky situations. There are several essential components to an effective refusal or NO statement. Youth need to understand the components that make up an effective NO before they observe or practice the skills.
What are the 3 refusal skills?
Here ‘s how to practice refusal skills:
- Give a reason for saying “No.” Be honest.
- Use the right body language. Your body language has to match your words.
- Show your concern for others. Express your concern for those trying to persuade you.
- Suggest something else.
- Take action.
How can I improve my refusal skills?
Top Ten Refusal Skills for Teens
- Make a joke. Sometimes humor is the best way to respond to a situation, as it can lighten a serious mood.
- Give a reason why it’s a bad idea.
- Make an excuse why you can’t.
- Just say no, plainly and firmly.
- Suggest an alternative activity.
- Ignore the suggestion.
- Repeat yourself if necessary.
- Leave the situation.