What is Jacksonian epilepsy?
A Jacksonian seizure is a type of focal partial seizure, also known as a simple partial seizure. This means the seizure is caused by unusual electrical activity that affects only a small area of the brain. The person maintains awareness during the seizure. Jacksonian seizures are also known as a Jacksonian march.
What are the stroke mimics?
In various studies, the most common stroke mimics include brain tumors (gliomas, meningiomas, and adenomas are the most common ones) (4), toxic or metabolic disorders (such as hypoglycemia, hypercalcemia, hyponatremia, uremia, hepatic encephalopathy, hyperthyroidism, thyroid storm (4-6), infectious disorders (e.g. …
What is a myoclonic seizure?
Myoclonic seizures are characterized by brief, jerking spasms of a muscle or muscle group. They often occur with atonic seizures, which cause sudden muscle limpness.
What is focal aware seizure?
Focal aware seizures (also called focal onset aware or simple partial seizures) is a seizure that happens while a person is awake and alert and aware of what is going on. During the seizure, the person may have movements, feelings, or sensations that are out of their control. They usually last less than 2 minutes.
What is sunflower syndrome?
Sunflower Syndrome (also referred to as Self-induced Photosensitive Epilepsy) is a rare epileptic disorder characterized by a distinctive seizure that manifests itself in a highly stereotyped physical behavior.
What does West syndrome look like?
West syndrome is a constellation of symptoms characterized by epileptic/infantile spasms, abnormal brain wave patterns called hypsarrhythmia and intellectual disability.
How can you tell the difference between a stroke and a TIA?
TIA (transient ischemic attack, also sometimes called a “mini-stroke”) begins just like an ischemic stroke; the difference is that in a TIA, the blockage is temporary and blood flow returns on its own. Since blood flow is interrupted only for a short time, the symptoms of a TIA don’t last long – usually less than hour.
What is Befast in stroke?
The most important part of getting timely treatment for a stroke is to know and understand the warning signs as described by the B.E. F.A.S.T. acronym —sudden onset of a droopy face on one side, weakness of the arm or leg on one side of the body, inability to speak, and no time to waste in getting help.
What does a myoclonic seizure feel like?
A myoclonic seizure feels like an electric shock. It causes twitching or jerking, which typically lasts less than 1 second. You stay conscious during this seizure, which may reoccur several times during a short amount of time.
What triggers myoclonic seizures?
Myoclonic seizures are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which triggers the myoclonic muscle movements. Often, they are exacerbated by tiredness, alcohol, fevers, infections, photic (light) stimulation, or stress.
Which is an example of a lateralizing symptom?
Other well known lateralizing signs are ataxia, hyperreflexia etc They are signs a patient exhibits that help a neurologist or neurosurgeon localize a disease of the central nervous system to a particular area of the brain. Some example of these signs are bradykinesia, dyskinesis, ataxia and hyperreflexia.
Why are semiological lateralizing signs important during seizures?
Knowledge and recognition of semiological lateralizing signs during seizures is an important component of the presurgical evaluation of epilepsy surgery candidates and adds further information to video/EEG monitoring, neuroimaging, functional mapping, and neuropsychological evaluation. Publication types Review
Can a person with epilepsy have a lateralizing aura?
Additionally, patients with lateralizing auras during seizures have a significantly better outcome after epilepsy surgery than those without lateralizing features .
Which is one of the signs of CNS localization?
, MD. These are signs that helps you to localise a CNS pathology to a particular area of the brain eg. bradykinesia and dyskinesis allows a localisation of a lesion or pathology to the basal ganglia in the brain. Other well known lateralizing signs are ataxia, hyperreflexia etc.