What is the geography of French Guiana?


What is the geography of French Guiana?

The country is part of Caribbean South America and borders the North Atlantic Ocean. It has low-lying plains with small mountains to the south. Its climate is split between tropical rainforest and tropical monsoon. French Guiana is mostly unsettled and has low land use.

What 5 regions was Guyana split into by the Europeans?

It was divided by European powers into Spanish Guiana (Venezuela), Portuguese Guiana (Brazil), French Guiana, Dutch Guiana (Suriname) and British Guiana (Guyana). Colonial competition for territory began with the Spanish sighting in 1499.

What are the physical features of French Guiana?

French Guiana consists of two main geographical regions: a coastal strip where the majority of the people live, and dense, near-inaccessible rainforest which gradually rises to the modest peaks of the Tumac-Humac mountains along the Brazilian frontier.

What mountains are in French Guiana?

Tumuc-Humac Mountains, Portuguese Serra Tumucumaque, French Massif Des Tumuc-humac, Dutch Toemoek-hoemak Gebergte, mountain range that forms the Brazilian border with French Guiana and Suriname.

Is French Guiana part of France?

Despite being in South America, French Guiana remains part of France and has been paralysed by protests against a lack of investment from the mainland.

What is French Guiana called now?

Fully integrated in the French Republic since 1946, French Guiana is a part of the European Union, and its official currency is the euro….French Guiana.

French Guiana Département de la Guyane
Prefecture Cayenne
Departments 1 (every overseas region consists of a department in itself)

What does French Guiana speak?

It is classed as an overseas territory; its currency is the euro and its official language is French, although many also speak Creole. It is bigger than Belgium, but has a population of about 250,000 people (compared with Belgium’s 11 million).

Why is French Guiana part of France?

During World War II and the fall of France to Nazi German forces, French Guiana became part of Vichy France. Guiana officially rallied to Free France on 16 March 1943. It abandoned its colony status and once again became a French department on 19 March 1946.

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