What is the meaning of Mencius?
Life and Confucian Background. “Mencius” is a Latinization (coined by Jesuit missionaries in the 17th century) of the Chinese “Mengzi,” meaning Master Meng. His full name was “Meng Ke.” Our main access to Mencius’s thinking is through the eponymous collection of his dialogues, debates, and sayings, the Mengzi (Mencius) …
What are the four hearts of Mencius?
In a famous passage defending the claim of the innate goodness of human beings, Mencius claims that the human heart contains the sprouts or germs of the four central Confucian virtues of benevolence (ren), righteousness (yi), propriety (li), and wisdom (zhi).
Who are the two Chinese philosophers?
Confucius, arguably the most influential Chinese philosopher ever. Dong Zhongshu, integrated Yin Yang cosmology into a Confucian ethical framework. Mencius, idealist who proposed mankind is innately benevolent. Wang Fu, endorsed the Confucian model of government.
What is Jen Confucianism?
ren, (Chinese: “humanity,” “humaneness,” “goodness,” “benevolence,” or “love”) Wade-Giles romanization jen, the foundational virtue of Confucianism. It characterizes the bearing and behaviour that a paradigmatic human being exhibits in order to promote a flourishing human community.
How long did Confucius live?
Confucius is believed to have lived from c. 551 to c. 479 BCE in the state of Lu (now Shandong Province or Shantung). However, the earliest written record of him dates from some four hundred years after his death in the Historical Records of Sima Qian (or Si-ma Ts’ien).
What are Mengzi four sprouts?
Mencius Sprout. Humans are born with four sprouts or seeds [“concern for others”, sense of shame, “sense of humility,” and “sense of right and wrong”(2A:6)] that will develop into four virtues (jen, righteousness, propriety, and wisdom) unless the organic process of development does not proceed.