What made the Anderson shelter strong?
Made from six curved sheets bolted together at the top, with steel plates at either end, and measuring 1.95m by 1.35m, the shelter could accommodate four adults and two children. The shelters were very strong – especially against a compressive force such as from a nearby bomb – because of their corrugation.
What were the disadvantages of an Anderson shelter?
The Anderson Shelters were dark and damp and people were reluctant to use them at night. In low-lying areas the shelters tended to flood and sleeping was difficult as they did not keep out the sound of the bombings.
What was on the floor of an Anderson shelter?
Anderson shelters were always running in condensation after people had been in them a while and there was always water on the floor.
How does an Anderson shelter work?
Anderson air raid shelters In order to be fully effective, the shelter had to be dug into a 4ft deep pit in the ground, with the soil being heaped on top to provide cover against nearby bomb blasts. Many people planted vegetables on top, making the most of the soil heaped on their makeshift dugouts.
What did an Anderson shelter smell like?
They always smelled of damp. At each end of the shelter, there was a hessian curtain with an ‘Elsan’ closet in it – which was a toilet! It had a very ‘distinctive’ smell. On the night of the 27th April 1942, the first big raid on Norwich happened.
What did ww2 smell like?
There was always the faint smell of wall plaster in the air from the wrecked houses and tumbledown walls, a dry dusty smell in fine weather and a damp more pungent smell after rain. After the major blitz on Coventry in November, fractured gas mains left a smell of gas which pervaded the outside air.
How much did an Anderson shelter cost?
The Anderson shelter Over two million Anderson shelters were issued to households; they cost £7, but were supplied free of charge to people earning less than £5 a week in danger areas. As the official name implied, this shelter was delivered in sections and had to be put up by the householder.
What does a Morrison shelter look like?
The Morrison shelter was constructed from heavy steel, and people could use them as a table. The shelter looked like a big cage with wire mesh sides. One of the wire sides could be lifted up so you could crawl inside. It was possible for two or three people to lie down and sleep there.
Why is it called an Anderson shelter?
Anderson shelters were named after Sir John Anderson, the lord privy seal in charge of air raid precautions in 1938, and were made from corrugated steel or iron panels that formed a semi-circular shape. They were designed to be dug into people’s gardens to protect families from air raids.