What role did Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin play in Latin American independence?
With the help of Argentine revolutionary José de San Martín, Bolívar freed Peru (1824) and what was to become Bolivia (1825) too. Learn more about the Viceroyalty of New Granada and the territories that constituted it.
Who are the leaders of the independence movement in Latin America?
To change these conditions, various leaders began movements that would alter the political and cultural landscape of this region: Toussaint L’Ouverture in Haiti (1791), Miguel Hidalgo in Mexico (1810), José de San Martin in what is now Argentina, Chile, and Peru (1808), and Simón Bolívar in what is now Colombia.
Why was Jose de San Martin important in the Latin American revolution?
He led revolutionary forces in Argentina, Chile, and Peru, gaining a reputation as a bold commander and imaginative strategist. After defeating the Spanish in Argentina, he gained the element of surprise in Chile (1817–18) by crossing the Andes, San Martín captured Peru (1821) after an unexpected naval attack.
Who did Jose de San Martin and Simón Bolívar led South American independence movements against?
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821. The two leading figures of the South American wars of independence were Simon Bolivar in the north and José de San Martín in the south.
Who freed Latin America?
The movements that liberated Spanish South America arose from opposite ends of the continent. From the north came the movement led most famously by Simón Bolívar, a dynamic figure known as the Liberator. From the south proceeded another powerful force, this one directed by the more circumspect José de San Martín.
How did Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin work together?
Two leading figures who shaped the revolutionary movements emerged during the wars of independence: Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín. He helped lead the states of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia to independence and was credited with helping to lay the groundwork for democracy in Latin America.
Who were José de San Martin and Simon Bolivar and what did they accomplish?
Who was Jose de San Martin and what did he do?
José de San Martín, (born February 25, 1778, Yapeyú, viceroyalty of Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]—died August 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821).