What was the most likely reason for William McIntosh being executed by his tribe?
Creek leaders executed McIntosh because he made the agreement without their consent. McIntosh died of Yellow Fever as a result of being forced to march on the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma. The U.S. government captured and executed him for violating the treaty just weeks after it was signed.
Was William McIntosh a traitor?
A war hero, McIntosh served as commander of the Lower Creeks who fought with Andrew Jackson at Horseshoe Bend in 1814 and during the First Seminole War of 1818. For this act, fellow Indians, especially the Upper Creeks, saw him as a traitor who sold out the Creek nation for personal greed.
How did McIntosh betray the Creeks?
In 1825 McIntosh signed the Treaty of Indian Springs with the U.S. government at the hotel; he was murdered three months later by angry Creeks who considered the agreement a betrayal.
What did William McIntosh fear?
William McIntosh feared the United States of America and the power that that nation had over the Creek People. This fear is what probably caused him to sign the treaty that surrendered most of Creek land to the Americans. He knew that the Creeks would not win in a war against such overwhelming odds.
Why was McIntosh important?
William McIntosh (1775 – April 30, 1825), also known as Tustunnuggee Hutke (White Warrior), was one of the most prominent chiefs of the Creek Nation between the turn of the nineteenth century and his execution in 1825. He was a chief of Coweta town and commander of a mounted police force.
What did Alexander McGillivray and William McIntosh have in common?
What did Alexander McGillivray and William McIntosh have in common? They were both Creek chiefs who played major roles in the tribes relations with Georgia. They were both Cherokee chiefs who resisted white expansion. He signed a treaty giving Cherokee lands to the United States.
How was McIntosh executed?
McIntosh was executed by Menawa and a large force of Law Menders in late April 1825; two other signatories were executed and one was shot but escaped. McIntosh’s descendants were removed with the other Creek people to Indian Territory. His two sons served as Confederate officers during the American Civil War.
What caused the loss of Creek land in 1818 1832?
The war ended in a Creek defeat by future President Andrew Jackson at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Following this war, the Creek lost 22 million acres of land.
Was William McIntosh a Native American?
William McIntosh (or MacIntosh) was born in Georgia about 1785 of mixed ancestry, his father being a Scots trader and his mother a Creek Indian. He became a Creek chief at an early age and fought on the side of the Americans during the Creek War (1813-1814).
Because McIntosh led a group that negotiated and signed a treaty in 1825 to cede much of remaining Creek lands to the United States in violation of Creek law, for the first time the Creek National Council ordered that a Creek be executed for crimes against the Nation. It sentenced him and other signatories to death.
What happened to Chief William McIntosh?
On this day in 1825, 200 Creek warriors set fire to a plantation house, and shot and stabbed the owner to death. The owner was William McIntosh, a Creek Indian chief killed by his own people. The controversial Creek chief was killed on April 30, 1825, Today in Georgia History.
Why was William McIntosh executed by members of the Creek in 1825?