What were four of the main reforms that occurred in Eastern Europe with the collapse of the Soviet Union?
What were four of the main reforms that occurred in Eastern Europe with the collapse of the Soviet Union? The government changed from communism to a democracy, from central planning to open markets, from government control to private citizen, and from the Soviet Union to the European Union.
What problems did the move toward a market economy cause?
What problems did the move toward a market economy cause? Inflation, closing factories, and unemployment.
What happened to Eastern European nations?
Eastern Europe fell under the influence of the Soviet Union, and the region was separated from the West. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, all the Soviet Republics bordering Eastern Europe declared independence from Russia and united with the rest of Europe. Each country in the region was under Communist rule.
What effect does the variety of Eastern European languages have on the region?
What effect does the variety of Eastern European languages have on the region? What influences shape the folk art of Eastern Europe? It will cause cities to grow, potentially causing increased pollution, housing shortages, and traffic jams. How might the growth of industry create urban problems?
What is defined as Eastern Europe?
Eastern Europe is the region of the European continent between Western Europe and Asia. One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Slavic, Greek, Byzantine, Eastern Orthodox, and some Ottoman cultural influences.
Where does Eastern Europe begin?
Putting it rather crudely, for Berliners the East starts at the Polish border, for western Poles in Warsaw, for eastern Poles and Slovaks in Belarus and Ukraine, for western Ukrainians east of Kiev, and for Croats in Serbia.
What kind of Agriculture does the EU have?
Agriculture. The EU is broadly self-sufficient in most agricultural primary commodities. It is also the single largest exporter of agri-food products, which include processed food ( EC, 2016a ). Two of the main challenges confronting agriculture in Europe are climate change ( EEA, 2017c) and land take, i.e.
How does agriculture affect the environment in Europe?
Around 94 % of ammonia emissions in Europe stemmed from agriculture in 2015, mainly from activities such as manure storage, slurry spreading and the use of inorganic nitrogen fertilisers. CO 2 emissions from peat soil that is drained for agriculture make up 100.5 Mt CO 2 per year, while for forestry the figure is 67.6 Mt CO 2.
How did communism affect Central and Eastern Europe?
Central and eastern European nations also harboured a widespread view that politicians, and to some extent businesspeople, had benefited personally and excessively from the fall of communism, while “ordinary people” had largely not.
How many people approve of the shift in Eastern Europe?
Up to 85% of people approved of the shift in Poland, eastern Germany and the Czech Republic, for example, but fewer than 55% did so in Bulgaria, Ukraine and Russia.