What were the African Americans called who moved to the Great Plains after the Civil War?
It was the oldest of about twenty towns established predominately for blacks in the West. After the Civil War there was a general exodus of blacks from the South. These migrants became known as “Exodusters” and the migration became known as the “Exoduster” movement.
What was the name given to African Americans who moved to the Great Plains in the early 1880’s?
Exodusters was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879.
Why did many African Americans moved to the Great Plains?
After 1865, thousands of settlers moved onto the Plains. Freed slaves went there to start a new life as freemen, or to escape economic problems after the Civil War. European immigrants flooded onto the Great Plains, seeking political or religious freedom, or simply to escape poverty in their own country.
Who settled in Nicodemus Kansas?
On April 18, 1877, a group of seven Kansans, six of whom were black, established the Nicodemus Town Company. African American W.H. Smith and W.R. Hill, an experienced white land speculator, served as the town’s president and treasurer, respectively.
Who migrated to Kansas during the Kansas Exodus quizlet?
60,000 African Americans migrated to Kansas, seeking political equality, freedom from violence, access to education, and economic opportunity. African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Where are the Great Plains?
The definition of the Great Plains is debated. Typically, it refers to the territory from Montana to Minnesota and down to New Mexico and Texas. In this study, a 12-state area is used, including Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming.
What is the name of the black town in Kansas?
The small town of Nicodemus, Kansas sits quietly on the northwest Kansas plains. Founded by newly freed slaves in 1877, Nicodemus was a refuge from the Reconstruction-era South, a reflection of a mass black migration from the South to the Midwest after the Civil War.
What is the name of the all black town in Kansas?
Nicodemus, Kansas is the only remaining western community established by African Americans after the Civil War. Having an important role in American History, the town symbolizes the pioneering spirit of these ex-slaves who fled the war-torn South in search of “real” freedom and a chance to restart their lives.
When did exodusters move to the Great Plains?
As a result, between the late 1870s and early 1880s, more than 20,000 African Americans left the South for Kansas, the Oklahoma Territory, and elsewhere on the Great Plains in a migration known as the “Great Exodus.”