When Charles II took the throne it was known as the?
Charles II, byname The Merry Monarch, (born May 29, 1630, London—died February 6, 1685, London), king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth. The years of his reign are known in English history as the Restoration period.
What King was defeated by Oliver Cromwell?
King Charles I
Oliver Cromwell was best known for being Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England Scotland and Ireland after the defeat of King Charles I in the Civil War. He was one of the main signatories on Charles I’s death warrant.
Who helped King Charles II regain the throne?
Charles II died on 6 February 1685 at the age of 54. Since Charles left no legitimate children, he was succeeded to the throne by his younger brother James, who became King James II.
Who was the king of England that lost the English Civil War?
Notable outcomes of the wars included the execution of King Charles I in 1649, 11 years of republican rule in England and the establishment of Britain’s first standing national army.
Who was second in line to the British throne after Charles II?
Diana’s son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, second in line to the British throne, is likely to be the first British monarch descended from Charles II. Charles’s eldest son, the Duke of Monmouth , led a rebellion against James II, but was defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685, captured and executed.
How old was King Charles II when he died?
See Article History. Alternative Title: The Merry Monarch. Charles II, byname The Merry Monarch, (born May 29, 1630, London—died February 6, 1685, London), king of Great Britain and Ireland (1660–85), who was restored to the throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth.
What was the first year of Charles II’s reign?
The early years of Charles’s reign saw an appalling plague (1665) and the Great Fire in 1666 which led to the substantial rebuilding of the city of London. Between 1665 and 1667 England was at war with the Dutch (the Second Anglo-Dutch War), ending in a Dutch victory.
Who was the heir to the throne of England in 1685?
Charles II (1630 – 1685) His Catholic brother James was thus his heir. Knowledge of his negotiations with France, together with his efforts to become an absolute ruler, brought Charles into conflict with parliament, which he dissolved in 1681. From then until his death he ruled alone.