When did strike start in Poland?
On January 13, 1992, Solidarity declared its first strike against the democratically elected government: a one-hour strike against a proposal to raise energy prices.
When was second Polish war?
By 1939, just before the outbreak of World War II, this had grown to an estimated 35.1 million….Second Polish Republic.
|Republic of Poland Rzeczpospolita Polska (Polish)|
|• End of World War I||11 November 1918|
|• Treaty of Versailles||28 June 1919|
|• Peace of Riga||18 March 1921|
|• German invasion||1 September 1939|
Who was ruling Poland in 1980?
On September 5, 1980, Józef Pińkowski was named new Prime Minister, and held the post until February 11, 1981. Edward Gierek, who had been First Secretary of Polish Communist Party since December 20, 1970, was dismissed on September 6, and was replaced by Stanislaw Kania.
When were glasnost and perestroika introduced?
Perestroika (/ˌpɛrəˈstrɔɪkə/; Russian: перестройка) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) during the 1980s widely associated with CPSU general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning “openness”) policy reform.
What is the SB in Poland?
Security Service (SB) The Ministry of Public Security (Polish: Ministerstwo Bezpieczeństwa Publicznego), commonly known as UB or later SB, was the secret police, intelligence and counter-espionage agency operating in the Polish People’s Republic.
Who was the first president of Poland?
The first president of Poland, Gabriel Narutowicz, was sworn in as president of the Second Polish Republic on 11 December 1922. He was elected by the National Assembly (the Sejm and the Senate) under the terms of the 1921 March Constitution.
When did Germany invade Poland in World War 2?
Invasion of Poland, Fall 1939 German troops invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, triggering World War II. In response to German aggression, Great Britain and France declared war on Nazi Germany.
When did the political crisis start in Poland?
They culminated in the 1968 Polish political crisis and the 1970 Polish protests when a consumer price hike led to a wave of strikes.
When did communism start and end in Poland?
The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of communist rule imposed over Poland after the end of World War II.
How many people died in Poland during World War 2?
Poland suffered the heaviest proportionate human losses during World War II, amounting to 16–17 percent of its population. It is estimated that up to 6 million Polish citizens died from war-related causes between 1939 and 1945.