Who is most at risk for elephantiasis?
People living for a long time in tropical or sub-tropical areas where the disease is common are at the greatest risk for infection. Short-term tourists have a very low risk. Programs to eliminate lymphatic filariasis are under way in more than 66 countries.
Can elephantiasis occur in children?
Infection is usually acquired in childhood causing hidden damage to the lymphatic system. The painful and profoundly disfiguring visible manifestations of the disease, lymphoedema, elephantiasis and scrotal swelling occur later in life and can lead to permanent disability.
Why do people get elephantiasis?
It’s caused by parasitic worms, and can spread from person to person through mosquitoes. Elephantiasis causes swelling of the scrotum, legs, or breasts. Elephantiasis is considered a neglected tropical disease (NTD).
Can people die from elephantiasis?
Elephantiasis is most often caused by filariasis, a tropical disease. Non-filarial elephantiasis can be the result of a chronic erysipelas infection which can lead to sepsis, multiple organ failure and death if not treated in time.
Is elephantiasis genetic?
Genital elephantiasis, end result of lymphogranuloma venereum. Proteus syndrome, a genetic disorder best known as the condition possibly suffered by Joseph Merrick, the so-called “Elephant Man.”
Who is affected by lymphatic filariasis?
Lymphatic filariasis affects over 120 million people in 72 countries throughout the tropics and sub-tropics of Asia, Africa, the Western Pacific, and parts of the Caribbean and South America. Whereas the disease was once thought to affect only adults, it now appears that most infections are acquired in childhood.
How does elephantiasis affect the body?
The main symptom of elephantiasis is gross enlargement and swelling of an area of the body because of the accumulation of fluid. The arms and legs are the areas most often affected. An entire arm or leg may swell to several times its normal size resembling the thick, round appearance of an elephant’s leg.
How does lymphatic filariasis affect the lymphatic system?
The swelling and the decreased function of the lymph system make it difficult for the body to fight germs and infections. Affected persons will have more bacterial infections in the skin and lymph system. This causes hardening and thickening of the skin, which is called elephantiasis.
What is the difference between elephantiasis and lymphedema?
Elephantiasis is caused by under-treatment of lymphedema, and due to the obstruction of the lymph vessels of the lymphatic system. As lymph moves through the lymphatic system, it is filtered by a network of small structures known as lymph nodes that help to remove microorganisms (e.g., viruses, bacteria, etc.)
Is elephantiasis hereditary?
The condition variously known as Milroy’s disease, hereditary edema, trophedema and congenital elephantiasis with a familial or hereditary incidence is so rare that another instance of it deserves to be recorded.
Is there any cure for elephantiasis?
There are medicines to treat elephantiasis. Your doctor may give you one called diethylcarbamazine (DEC). You’ll take it once a year. It will kill the microscopic worms in your bloodstream.
Can lymphedema be genetic?
In most cases, hereditary lymphedema is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Lymphedema may be classified as primary or secondary. Hereditary lymphedema is also known as primary lymphedema.
How many people are affected by elephantiasis in the world?
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that 120 million people worldwide are affected by elephantiasis. Read on to learn more about treating and preventing this neglected tropical disease. What are the symptoms?
What are the symptoms of elephantiasis in legs?
The legs are the most commonly affected area. The swelling and enlargement of body parts can lead to pain and mobility issues. The skin is also affected and may be: Some people experience additional symptoms, such as fever and chills. Elephantiasis affects the immune system.
Is there a cure or treatment for elephantiasis?
The treatment for elephantiasis involves the following : The self-treatment or treatment at home is the basic treatment for elephantiasis. In some cases of elephantiasis, there is no need for medication as there are no worms in the system but the symptoms alone persists. These symptoms can be reduced by home treatment.
Are there any other disorders similar to elephantiasis?
Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of elephantiasis. Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis. Hereditary lymphedema is an inherited disorder of the lymphatic system that is characterized by abnormal swelling of certain parts of the body.