Why Can Two Igneous Rocks

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Why Can Two Igneous Rocks?

Igneous rocks can have many different compositions depending on the magma they cool from. They can also look different based on their cooling conditions. … If lava cools almost instantly the rocks that form are glassy with no individual crystals like obsidian. There are many other kinds of extrusive igneous rocks.1 day ago

Why can two igneous rocks have the same minerals but two different names?

An igneous rock is classified on the basis of its mineral composition and the size of its mineral crystals. A rock formed from magma can have the same composition as a rock formed from lava. The rocks though will have different names because the sizes of their crystals will be very different.

Is it possible for two igneous rocks?

Yes it is possible for two igneous rocks to have the same mineral composition but be different rocks.

Is it possible for two igneous rocks to have identical mineral compositions but be different rocks explain your answer and support it with an example?

Is it possible for 2 igneous rocks to have the same mineral composition but be different rocks? Use an example to explain your answer. Yes volcanoes can make volcanic ash and Pumice. … In Bowen’s the minerals all melt at different times mixing with the magma.

What two igneous rocks have the same composition?

2- Gabbro and basalt are two igneous rocks having the same chemical composition and the same minerals (plagioclase feldspar + pyroxene) but are of different origins. Gabbros form at depths and cool slowly whereas basalts are volcanic rocks that crystallize rapidly at the surface of the earth.

Why might two rocks be the same type of rock or have the same minerals yet look different?

Different rocks have different characteristics because of their minerals the ways in which the rocks were formed and the processes that acted on the rocks since they were formed. … They will then use their observations of the rocks to identify a particular rock from a collection.

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What are the two reasons that sedimentary rocks contain fossils but igneous rocks do not?

Earth contains three types of rocks: metamorphic igneous and sedimentary. With rare exceptions metamorphic and igneous rocks undergo too much heat and pressure to preserve fossils. So most fossils are found in sedimentary rocks where gentler pressure and lower temperature allows preservation of past life-forms.

How is is possible for one type of rock to be transformed to another?

The three main rock types are igneous metamorphic and sedimentary. The three processes that change one rock to another are crystallization metamorphism and erosion and sedimentation. Any rock can transform into any other rock by passing through one or more of these processes. This creates the rock cycle.

How do the types of igneous rocks differ from one another?

Igneous rocks can have many different compositions depending on the magma they cool from. They can also look different based on their cooling conditions. … If lava cools almost instantly the rocks that form are glassy with no individual crystals like obsidian. There are many other kinds of extrusive igneous rocks.

What are the 3 main types of igneous rocks?

When molten rock or melted rock solidifies igneous rocks are formed. There are two types of igneous rocks: intrusive and extrusive.

Intrusive Igneous Rocks
  • diorite.
  • gabbro.
  • granite.
  • pegmatite.
  • peridotite.

Why do some igneous rocks contain the same minerals but have different physical characteristics?

Once magma has formed inside the earth its composition may be modified. Minerals can grow from the magma and separate from it changing the chemistry of the remaining liquid. … Magma can solidify into igneous rock in several different ways each way resulting in a different igneous texture.

Do all igneous rocks have the same mineral compositions?

In addition to texture igneous rocks may are classified according to their chemical composition. … However not all of these minerals will be crystallized together in the same rock. A mafic magma will begin crystallizing olivine and continue with pyroxenes and calcium rich plagioclase feldspar.

What rocks have the same composition?

Igneous rocks are categorized in pairs. The two rocks in a pair have the same composition but different textures: gabbro-basalt diorite-andesite and granite-rhyolite.

Which of the following pairs contains one igneous and sedimentary rock?

Multiple Choice: Which of the following pairs contains one igneous and one sedimentary rock? ANSWER: Y — GRANITE AND LIMESTONE 31.

How can you recognize an igneous rock?

Igneous rocks can be distinguished from sedimentary rocks by the lack of beds lack of fossils and lack of rounded grains in igneous rocks and the presence of igneous textures.

Does Obsidian exist?

obsidian igneous rock occurring as a natural glass formed by the rapid cooling of viscous lava from volcanoes. Obsidian is extremely rich in silica (about 65 to 80 percent) is low in water and has a chemical composition similar to rhyolite.

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How does igneous rock change into another rock?

Igneous rock can change into sedimentary rock or into metamorphic rock. … Igneous rock can form underground where the magma cools slowly. Or igneous rock can form above ground where the magma cools quickly. When it pours out on Earth’s surface magma is called lava.

Why are igneous rocks also known as primary rocks?

Complete answer:

Rocks are mainly divided into three different types- sedimentary rocks igneous rocks and metamorphic rocks based on how they are formed. … Igneous rocks are known as primary rocks because they were the first ones to be formed in the rock cycle and do not contain any organic remains.

Why igneous rocks do not contain fossils?

Igneous rocks do not contain any fossils. This is because any fossils in the original rock will have melted when the rock melted to form magma.

What are some reasons why a rock layer may not have any fossils?

Sorry – no fossils here! Igneous rocks form from molten rock and rarely have fossils in them. Metamorphic rocks have been put under great pressure heated squashed or stretched and fossils do not usually survive these extreme conditions.

Can igneous rock become sedimentary rock?

The layer can be buried under other layers of sediments. After a long time the sediments can be cemented together to make sedimentary rock. In this way igneous rock can become sedimentary rock.

What will happen to igneous rocks that undergo weathering and erosion?

When igneous rocks undergo weathering and erosion they are broken into smaller pieces of sediment.

Why are layers of rocks related with each other?

Basically scientists have learned that rocks are stacked in layers containing fossils with the oldest fossils at the deepest layers and the youngest or most recent fossils near the top. Sedimentary rocks form from sediments worn away from other rocks.

Why do sedimentary rocks are important to geologist and archeologist?

Sediments and sedimentary rocks record the events and processes that shaped the surface of Earth – and other rocky planets. They provide the temporal framework that connects processes within the Earth to those at the surface. They are important for: Earth history.

Why do different rocks have different colors?

Rocks are different colors because they have minerals. … The color of the minerals in the rock can turn it brown red green or other colors. Rocks are different shapes because they are hit over and over by water and wind.

How are the 3 types of rocks alike and different?

Igneous rocks are formed from melted rock deep inside the Earth. Sedimentary rocks are formed from layers of sand silt dead plants and animal skeletons. Metamorphic rocks formed from other rocks that are changed by heat and pressure underground.

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What are 2 types of igneous rock?

Igneous rocks are divided into two groups intrusive or extrusive depending upon where the molten rock solidifies. Intrusive Igneous Rocks: Intrusive or plutonic igneous rock forms when magma is trapped deep inside the Earth. Great globs of molten rock rise toward the surface.

Why we Cannot go to the Centre of Earth?

Answer: Since the temperature and pressure increase enormously as we go deeper and deeper inside the earth we cannot go to the centre of the earth.

What is the hardest rock?

Diamond

Diamond is the hardest known mineral Mohs’ 10.

What are the similarities between igneous and metamorphic rocks?

Among these igneous and metamorphic rocks share the following similarities:
  • Both of them are types of rocks.
  • Temperature is a key factor in the formation of both types of rocks. …
  • Both igneous and metamorphic rocks are part of the rock cycle and can transform into other types of rocks over time.

Which two features of igneous rocks are determined by their cooling rate?

Igneous rocks are classified according to their texture and mineral or chemical content. The texture of the rock is determined by the rate of cooling. The slower the rock cools the larger the crystals form.

What characteristics do igneous rocks have in common?

Characteristics of Igneous Rocks
  • The igneous form of rocks does not include any fossil deposits. …
  • Most igneous forms include more than one mineral deposit.
  • They can be either glassy or coarse.
  • These usually do not react with acids.
  • The mineral deposits are available in the form of patches with different sizes.

Is it possible for two igneous rocks?

Yes it is possible for two igneous rocks to have the same mineral composition but be different rocks.

WHY CAN 2 igneous rocks have the same minerals but different names?

An igneous rock is classified on the basis of its mineral composition and the size of its mineral crystals. A rock formed from magma can have the same composition as a rock formed from lava. The rocks though will have different names because the sizes of their crystals will be very different.

What Are Igneous Rocks?

All about Igneous Rocks

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