Why did Scott take five men to the Pole?
The Role of Amundsen During all his planning of the British Antarctic Expedition on the Terra Nova, Scott had intended that the main objective was “to reach the South Pole, and to secure for the British Empire the honour of this achievement”.
What did Robert Falcon Scott do?
Captain Robert Falcon Scott was the first British explorer to reach the South Pole and explore Antarctica extensively by land in the early 1900s.
Who discovered Northwest Passage?
In 1609, the merchants of the Dutch East India Company hired English explorer Henry Hudson to find the Northwest Passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Why did Scott use ponies?
Much of Scott’s hauling was to be done by ponies, which are ill-suited to work on snow and ice without snow-shoes. Their relatively small hooves and large weight caused them to sink into anything other than very firm snow or ice. Oates was opposed to snow-shoes and had left most of them at base camp.
Who was Robert Falcon Scott and what did he do?
Robert Falcon Scott was born on 6 June 1868 in Devonport. He became a naval cadet at the age of 13 and served on a number of Royal Navy ships in the 1880s and 1890s. He attracted the notice of the Royal Geographical Society, which appointed him to command the National Antarctic Expedition of 1901-1904.
Why was Scott planning a slow route to the pole?
What Scott was planning to do was use tractors and dogs and ponies to place food and supplies across the ice shelf [for the party bound for the pole to use]. He planned a slow, deliberate route. It was designed for safetyironically, since it, of course, didn’t work out that way.
How did Sir Walter Scott become a national hero?
He attracted the notice of the Royal Geographical Society, which appointed him to command the National Antarctic Expedition of 1901-1904. The expedition – which included Ernest Shackleton – reached further south than anyone before them and Scott returned to Britain a national hero.
Why did all the men on the Scott Expedition Die?
With regards to the causes of the deaths of Scott and his companions, Cherry-Garrard devotes chapter 19 in his book to examine the causes. Among several other factors, he surmised that the rations of Scott’s team were inadequate and did not provide enough energy for the men.