Why is it called Madden-Julian Oscillation?


Why is it called Madden-Julian Oscillation?

Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO), intraseasonal fluctuation of atmospheric pressure over the equatorial Indian and western Pacific oceans, named for American atmospheric scientists Roland Madden and Paul Julian in 1971.

What is Madden-Julian index?

The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is the major fluctuation in tropical weather on weekly to monthly timescales. The MJO can be characterised as an eastward moving ‘pulse’ of cloud and rainfall near the equator that typically recurs every 30 to 60 days..

What is MJO wave?

The MJO is a system of very tall or deep convective clouds (storminess) that travels eastward along the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans approximately every 30-60 days. The convective region of the MJO has enhanced storms and rainfall, and it is usually sandwiched to the east and west by dry, sunny areas.

Why does Indian Ocean have dipole?

The Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) Like ENSO, the change in temperature gradients across the Indian Ocean results in changes in the preferred regions of rising and descending moisture and air. In scientific terms, the IOD is a coupled ocean and atmosphere phenomenon, similar to ENSO but in the equatorial Indian Ocean.

Why is the Indian Ocean so warm?

The unique monsoonal circulation also directly warms the Indian Ocean at the surface by atmospheric heating. The Indian Ocean is thus gathering additional heat from the Pacific and the Southern Oceans and exerting an influence in turn on the Pacific Ocean and the global conveyor belt.

What is the temperature of the Indian Ocean?

between 66 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit
Water temperatures of the Indian Ocean range between 66 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit (19 to 30 Celsius) on the ocean’s upper layer. Since it does not connect to the Arctic Ocean, the coldest ocean on Earth, the Indian Ocean stays pretty warm all year round.

Why was Marilyn Manson a culture war agitator?

Manson was a culture war agitator for our side, someone willing to jar and frighten the fuck out of the power structures that seemed there to keep teenagers in their place and his tactics made him a target, both of mass-culture disdain and of superior alt-culture snark.

What was the name of Marilyn Manson’s girlfriend?

Manson’s relationship with actress, model, and musician Evan Rachel Wood was made public in 2007. They reportedly maintained an on-again, off-again relationship for several years.

What kind of band did Marilyn Manson play in?

Manson first worked as a producer with the band Jack Off Jill. He helped name the band and produced most of the band’s early recordings, and also played guitar on the song “My Cat” and had the band open most of his South Florida shows.

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