Why was the term enlightened despot appropriate to describe rulers?
Enlightened despots, otherwise known as an absolute ruler, undertook reforms because they had heard the ideas of the philosophes, and chose to embrace the new ideas and made changes that reflect the enlightenment. She ruled with absolute authority, but also wanted to reform Russia.
Which rulers would be considered enlightened despots?
Among the most prominent enlightened despots were Frederick II (the Great), Peter I (the Great), Catherine II (the Great), Maria Theresa, Joseph II, and Leopold II.
What term describes 18th century European monarchs who were inspired by Enlightenment ideas to rule justly and respect the rights of their subjects?
One of the 18th century European monarchs who was inspired by Enlightenment idea’s to rule justly and respect the rights of subject.
What were several rulers in 18th century?
Several rulers in 18th century Europe were known as enlightened despots because they welcomed the enlightenment ideas and made reforms that reflected them, while at the same time refusing to give up their own power.
Why were some European kings called enlightened despots?
An enlightened despot (also called benevolent despot) is an authoritarian leader who exercises their political power according to the principles of the Enlightenment. Historically they were monarchs using enlightened ideas and principles in order to enhance the central government’s power (thereby their own power).
Why did enlightened despots embrace enlightened ideas?
21.1. 4: Enlightened Despotism Enlightened despots, inspired by the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment, held that royal power emanated not from divine right but from a social contract whereby a despot was entrusted with the power to govern in lieu of any other governments.
How did enlightened despots contribute to the Enlightenment?
Enlightened despotism, also called enlightened absolutism, was among the first ideas resulting from the political ideals of the Enlightenment. In effect, the monarchs of enlightened absolutism strengthened their authority by improving the lives of their subjects.
How did absolute monarchs lead to the Enlightenment?
Absolute monarchies often contained two key features: hereditary rules and divine right of kings. Influential Enlightenment thinkers questioned the traditional authority and right to rule of monarchs and began a wave of change across much of the Western world, including: the birth of capitalism and democracy.
Why did Voltaire propose an enlightened despot?
The idea was first really promoted by the French Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire. Voltaire wanted France to eventually become a constitutional monarchy, but did not think that was likely, so he proposed that the absolute monarch surround himself with philosophers to help make rational, reasonable decisions.