History of Ife

Ile Ife, also known as Ife, is an ancient Yoruba city in the southwestern part of Nigeria. Ile Ife is said to be dated back around 500 B.C. when it was founded and is the oldest Yoruba city. It is presently part of Osun State and has an estimated population of 501,000 people.Mar 15, 2011

When was Ife discovered?

#4: Discovering Ife art

Ife art was brought to international attention in 1910 when Leo Frobenius, a German ethnographer, discovered bronze and terracotta heads at Ife. The discovery changed people’s perception of African Art, but Frobenius had a misconception about its origin.

What is the significance of Ife in Nigeria history?

According to the Yoruba worldview, Ife is the place of origin of all humankind and is therefore of particular religious and political importance. Here the deities Odudua and Obatala, under instruction from the creator Olodumare, began the creation of the world.

How Ile-Ife was created?

According to the traditions of the Yoruba religion, Il If was founded by the order of the Supreme God Olodumare by Obatala. It then fell into the hands of his sibling Oduduwa, which created enmity between the two.

Who were the first inhabitants of Ile-Ife?

Ile-Ife is a Medieval period site in Nigeria, occupied between the 11th and 15th centuries CE. It is considered the ancestral home of the Yoruba people. Residents made naturalistic Benin bronzes, terracotta and copper allow sculptures.

Where was Ife found?

The Bronze Head from Ife, or Ife Head, is one of eighteen copper alloy sculptures that were unearthed in 1938 at Ife in Nigeria, the religious and former royal centre of the Yoruba people.

What are kings in Ife called?

Specifically at Ife, the first divine ruler was Oni, whose name means ‘king’. The brass heads of Ife may represent rulers, gods, revered ancestors or have been used for some religious purpose.

Who made the Ife heads?

Many Ife heads have been found in the burial compound of Oni Obalufon II, who ruled some time between 1100 and 1400. Obalufon was said to have invented Ife’s casting technique, and it is thought that the heads were originally housed in a shrine dedicated to him. There are two styles of Ife heads.

Is Ife in Oyo State?

Ile-Ife, also called Ife or Ife-Lodun, town, Osun state, southwestern Nigeria. The town lies at the intersection of roads from Ibadan (40 miles [64 km] west), Ilesha, and Ondo. It is one of the larger centres and probably the oldest town of the Yoruba people.

Who was the first king of Ife?

In Yoruba mythology, Ife was founded by a senior deity Oduduwa, acting on the order of the supreme deity Olorun (also known as Oludmare). Oduduwa became the first ruler, or Ooni, of Ife.

Where did Yoruba migrated from?

The Yoruba have shared a common language and culture for centuries but were probably never a single political unit. They seem to have migrated from the east to their present lands west of the lower Niger River more than a millennium ago. They eventually became the most urbanized Africans of precolonial times.

Who is Obatala?

Obatala or Orisa Nla (known as Obatal in Yorubaland and in Caribbean and South American Spanish and Oxal in Brazil) is an orisha. He is believed, according to Yoruba cosmology, to be the Sky Father and the creator of human bodies, which were brought to life by the smooth breath of Olodumare.

Where is Ooni of Ife from?

This article’s tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia.
Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi
Coronation 7 December 2015
Predecessor Oba Okunade Sijuwade
Born Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi 17 October 1974 Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
Spouse Queen Morenike Naomi Oluwaseyi and Olori Ashley Afolashade

8 more rows

Who is the first Yoruba?

According to Yoruba religion, Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba. By the 8th century, Ile-Ife was already a powerful Yoruba kingdom, one of the earliest in Africa south of the Sahara-Sahel. Almost every Yoruba settlement traces its origin to princes of Ile-Ife.

Did Benin originate from Yoruba?

Benin Kingdom in Edo is Yoruba territory Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi. The Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Ogunwusi, on Tuesday said Benin Kingdom in Edo State remained part of the expansive Yoruba race, a pronouncement that may spark fresh rivalry and altercation between people of the two ancient kingdoms.

What is the difference between Ife and Benin?

human representation in Benin art is more of heads (commemorative) of Obas, while in Ife art, representation of heads are combined with the dominant full human figures. – Ife heads and figures have profuse scarification while Benin heads and masks have marks on their forehead.

Who are the people of Ife?

Ife people are ancient, originally spiritual, highly advanced artistic and agriculturalist Yoruboid-speaking people that forms the sub-group of the larger Yoruba people of West Africa, particularly in Nigeria and the Republic of Benin.

Why is the Ife culture so important?

“The art of Ife and Benin is so important because one gives birth to the other. The Ife art was the most ancient in the forest region of Nigeria, simply because the Ife civilisation goes as far back as 300 – 500 BC. Therefore, it had developed a lot of artefacts, which marks the history of Ife.

Who discovered Benin art?

Area of discovery: It was first discovered in 1897 at the king’s palace, when British Soldiers conquered and gained access to the palace of oba Ovoranwen. Media: It is majorly composed of cast bronze, carved ivory, and wood. Dating: It can be dated back to the 14th15th century.

Who is more powerful Alaafin of Oyo and Ooni of Ife?

The Alaafin on the other hand grew in prominence at a time when enforced migrations and wars scattered the Yoruba race, Oyo was stable and governed by strong kings making the Alaafin position influential. The Ooni is more recognized, because of the spiritual angle but neither king holds much sway because; 1.

When did Ooni of Ife died?

Alayeluwa Oba Okunade Sijuwade, or Sijuade, (1 January 1930 28 July 2015) was the fiftieth traditional ruler or Ooni of Ife from 1980 to his death in 2015, taking the regnal name Olubuse II. Ife is a traditional Yoruba state based in the town of Ife in Osun State, Nigeria.

Who is Naomi oluwaseyi?

Prophetess Naomi Oluwaseyi is the Founder of En-Heralds, an interdenominational ministry, in Akure, Ondo state. She started the ministry at the age of eighteen and became a full-time evangelist in October 2011.

How old are the Ife heads?

The Kingdom of Ife

This crowned head of a ruler is a remarkable piece of brass-casting which reflects important aspects of the landmark culture developed in Ife, on the lower Niger River, dating back around 2,000 years and blossoming in the twelfth-fifteenth centuries.

Why are there holes in the bronze Ife heads near the mouth?

These brass heads differ from the terracotta ones in that they all have holes around the hairline and on their necks, and some have holes on the face. A bead was found in one of the holes, and scholars conclude the holes were used to attach a beaded veil to hide the mouth (Drewal, Schildkrout 2009).

How much are Benin Bronzes worth?

The 20th century brought better documentation alongside a swell of interest in tribal art. Auction prices for Benin Bronzes started around GBP 5,500 in the 1950s (around USD 209,000 today). Those figures climbed steadily through the 20th century. In 2007, Sotheby’s sold a Benin head sculpture for $4.7 million.

Where is Oyo Africa?

Oyo empire, Yoruba state north of Lagos, in present-day southwestern Nigeria, that dominated, during its apogee (16501750), most of the states between the Volta River in the west and the Niger River in the east. It was the most important and authoritative of all the early Yoruba principalities.

Which Yoruba city fell to the Fulani empire?

The storm duly came in the 1820s CE in the form of the militant Muslim Fulani and, ultimately, the northern part of the Oyo Empire, Ilorin, was conquered to become the Fulani Emirate of Ilorin, an outpost of the great Sokoto Caliphate (1804-1903 CE).

Where is Oduduwa from?

The Yoruba migration tradition regarding Oduduwa is a view according to which Oduduwa originated from Mecca through his biological father Lamurudu, who was a king in Mecca (Folorunso 2003:87). Oduduwa, then a prince, came to Nigeria together with his two children.

Did Yoruba come from Egypt?

A sizeable number of these accounts usually explore the historical evidence from ancient Egypt. Although, such historical traditions differ from one school of thought to another, some modern historians of Yoruba descent insist that the Yoruba originated from Egypt.

Did Ooni of Ife divorce Naomi?

The PUNCH had reported that some elders from Ile-Ife made a last-minute move to reconcile the Ooni and his estranged wife. The prophetess had on Thursday, December 23, 2021, in a statement posted on her verified Instagram handle, announced an end to her three-year-old marriage with Ooni.

Where did the Igbos originate from?

Team of Igbo Researchers Confirms Umueri Town as the Ancestral Home Of Igbos. Researchers from Cornerstone University owerri, on fact finding mission weekend confirmedUmueri community, formerly known as Umuleri in Anambra East Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria, as the nexus of Igbo origin.

Who is the father of Yoruba?

Oduduwa was not only the first ruler of a unified Ife, but also the progenitor of various independent royal dynasties in Yorubaland, and is today venerated as the hero, the warrior, the leader, and father of the Yoruba race.

When was Nigeria first inhabited?

The history of Nigeria can be traced to settlers trading across the middle East and Africa as early as 1100 BC. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire.

Yoruba civilisation: Ile-Ife through Centuries

Ooni Of Ife Offers A Peek Into History Of Yoruba Tribe In Art …

Ile-Ife; A trip to the cradle of Yoruba Civilisation

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