History of Kykeon

The origins of kykeon are from the Eleusinian Mysteries, which were rites of passage held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone based at Eleusis in ancient Greece. They are the most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece.

How was kykeon made?

Kykeon, alphita, and tisana

Tisana is one of the basic remedies used in ancient Greek medicine, made with husked barley, overcooked in water until it dissolves completely, with the addition of other ingredients, then sifted and drunk.

What is kykeon in the Homeric Hymn?

“In Homer the kyken, a “mixed drink” that contains the grain sacred to Demeter, is used to refresh Nestor and the wounded Machaon after battle (Iliad ii).

Did the Greeks take psychedelics?

Psychedelics have been used for thousands of years by indigenous cultures but new research suggests that the ancient Greeks, Romans and even some early Christians may have…

What was kykeon made of?

In ancient Greece, kykeon was commonly drunk to break fasts and was traditionally made from water, barley and a type of mint. It was also said to contain psychoactive elements (which heightened the consumer’s experience).

Why was Demeter’s daughter required to spend part of the year in the underworld?

She had to atone because Demeter had withheld fertility from the earth. Where is the chief sanctuary for the performance of Demeter’s mysteries? Which is not a name for the queen of the Underworld?

What did Demeter drink?

She refused the red wine that Metaneira offered but instead ordered Metaneira to mix meal, water, and mint for her. The great lady Demeter accepted the drink for the sake of the holy rite, i.e., to initiate and observe the holy rite or sacrament. This drink (the kykeon) very likely represented a kind of communion.

Who is Triptolemus?

In Greek mythology, Triptolemus /?tr?p?t?l?m?s/ (Greek: ???????????, Triptlemos, lit. “threefold warrior”; also known as Buzyges) is a figure connected with the goddess Demeter of the Eleusinian Mysteries.

Where is the Telesterion?

Serving as the initiation Hall and Temple for the Eleusinian Mysteries, the Telesterion was located on the same spot through many building enlargements. The interior chamber housed the hiera (sacred objects) and was known as the Anaktoron (Palace).

Eleusis, Telesterion (Building)
Context: Eleusis
Period: Classical

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What is Sparagmus and Omophagy?

In Dionysian rite as represented in myth and literature, a living animal, or sometimes even a human being, is sacrificed by being dismembered. Sparagmos was frequently followed by omophagia (the eating of the raw flesh of the one dismembered).

Who raised Dionysus?

After Dionysus was born from Zeus’s thigh, he was taken to Silenus and the rain nymphs of Mount Nysa to be raised hidden from Hera’s wrath. In some versions, he was later taken to be cared for by Semele’s sister Ino. Once Dionysus was grown, he learned to cultivate grapes and became the first to turn them into wine.

Who is Eleusis in Greek mythology?

Eleusis was a son of Hermes and the Oceanid Daeira, or of Ogygus. Panyassis wrote of him as father of Triptolemus, adding that “Demeter came to him”; this version of the myth is found in the works of Hyginus and Servius. Eleusis had no offspring.

What was Demeter?

Demeter, in Greek religion, daughter of the deities Cronus and Rhea, sister and consort of Zeus (the king of the gods), and goddess of agriculture. Her name indicates that she is a mother.

Was Circe a goddess?

Circe (/?s??rsi?/; Ancient Greek: ?????, pronounced [krk??]) is an enchantress and a minor goddess in Greek mythology. She is either a daughter of the god Helios and the Oceanid nymph Perse or the goddess Hecate and Aetes.

What are the Greek mysteries?

The Eleusinian Mysteries (Greek: ????????? ????????, romanized: Eleusnia Myst?ria) were initiations held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone based at the Panhellenic Sanctuary of Eleusis in ancient Greece. They are the “most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece”.

What food was eaten in ancient Greece?

The main foods the Ancient Greeks ate were bread, made from wheat, and porridge, made from barley. They used lots of olive oil to cook and add flavor to dishes. They also ate a range of vegetables, including chickpeas, olives, onions, garlic, and cabbage.

What were bards called in ancient Greece?

Public houses, or taverns, were known as kapeleia to the Ancient Greeks.

Who first told Demeter where her daughter could be found?

The More Things Change …

archetypes.? Finally, on the tenth day, the goddess Hecate told Demeter that Persephone had been carried away, but she did not know by whom. The two goddesses went to Helius, the god of the sun, who saw everything that happened on Earth.

Where did Demeter first rest when she came to Eleusis?

THE VISIT TO ELEUSIS. by Demeter. Taking the form of an old woman (crone), Demeter sits down to rest near a well called Parthenion (`Maiden’), where she is approached by the daughters of King Celeus, who have come to fetch water.

What is the name given to older satyrs?

SEILENOI (Silens) Three elderly Satyrs named Maron, Leneus and Astraios (Astraeus) who were companions of the god Dionysos and sons of ancient Seilenos. SEILENOS (Silenus) The ancient Satyr nurse of the god Dionysos and the demi-god of drunken excess.

Where can Demeter usually be found?

Demeter is the Greek goddess of the harvest, grain, and fertility. She is one of the Twelve Olympian gods that live on Mount Olympus. Because she was the goddess of the harvest, she was very important to the farmers and peasant people of Greece.

Who was the most beautiful Greek god goddess?

Aphrodite was the most beautiful of all the Goddesses and there are many tales of how she could encourage both Gods and humans to fall in love with her.

Who was Ares in love with?

ARES The god of war had a long love affair with Aphrodite which lasted for the duration of her marriage to Hephaistos and beyond. She bore him four divine sons: Eros, Anteros, Deimos, Phobos; and a daughter: Harmonia. DIONYSOS The god of wine who had a short affair with Aphrodite.

What did Poseidon do to Demeter?

POSEIDON The god of the sea pursued Demeter when she was mourning the loss of her daughter Persephone. The goddess took the form of a horse and hid amongst the herds of Arkadian Onkios, where Poseidon found her ans assuming the form of a stallion raped the goddess.

What did Persephone turn Nico into?

Nico di Angelo

As stated by him in The Demigod Files, Persephone turned Nico into a dandelion during a “family spat”.

Did Nico get turned into corn?

When Nico threatened the god with his Stygian Iron sword, Triptolemus turned him into a corn plant. Given his past history with the Lord of the Underworld, having two of his children in his temple was insulting.

Who built the Telesterion?

After the defeat of the Persians, the Telesterion was intended to be reconstructed by Kimon, but it was instead rebuilt some time later due to Pericles’ influence. At some point in the 5th century BCE, Iktinos, the great architect of the Parthenon, built the Telesterion big enough to hold thousands of people.

When was the Telesterion built?

excavation of Eleusis

in the structure of the Telesterion, or Hall of Initiation, first built in late Mycenaean times, before 1000 bc.

What is the top of the Parthenon called?

Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.

Is zagreus a Greek god?

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Zagreus (Greek: ???????) was sometimes identified with a god worshipped by the followers of Orphism, the “first Dionysus”, a son of Zeus and Persephone, who was dismembered by the Titans and reborn.

Who is Baccus?

Originally Dionysus was the Greek god of fertility. Later, he came to be known chiefly as the god of wine and pleasure. The Romans called him Bacchus. Dionysus was the son of the supreme god Zeus and Semele, the daughter of a king.

What animal is associated with Dionysus?


Dionysos’ sacred animals were the panther (leopard), tiger, bull and serpent. The god rode on the back of a panther or drove a chariot drawn by a pair of the beasts. His sacred plants were the grapevine, ivy, bindweed (prickly ivy) and pine tree.

Why did Zeus punish Dionysus?

Actor. Dionysus, also known as Mr. D, is the Greek god of grape-harvest, wine, madness, parties, religious ecstasy, and theater. He also serves as the camp director of Camp Half-Blood, having been placed there by his father Zeus as punishment for chasing after an off-limits nymph.

How did Zeus meet Semele?

Flying over the scene in the guise of an eagle, Zeus fell in love with Semele and repeatedly visited her secretly. Zeus’ wife, Hera, a goddess jealous of usurpers, discovered his affair with Semele when she later became pregnant.

Is Dionysus a male or female?

Dionysus is an interesting case as although he is a fertility god and he has distinctly feminine qualities, he is still male.

KYKEON | The Drink of Greek Heroes

Kykeon – Ancient Greek Ritual Drink – Eleusinian Mysteries

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