Where is the sun made of?


Where is the sun made of?

The sun is a big ball of gas and plasma. Most of the gas — 92% — is hydrogen. It is converted into energy in the sun’s core….Abundance of elements.

Element Abundance (pct. of total number of atoms) Abundance (pct. of total mass)
Hydrogen 91.2 71.0
Helium 8.7 27.1
Oxygen 0.078 0.97
Carbon 0.043 0.40

What is the sun made of and how do we know?

The sun is made of about three-quarters hydrogen, one-quarter helium, and some other heavier elements like carbon, oxygen and iron, in very small quantities. The hydrogen and helium are in a gas form. But the hydrogen (H) and helium (He) atoms are much closer together in the sun than what you might imagine.

Is there something wrong with the sun?

Sun behaving badly. Sunspots are windows into the sun’s magnetic soul. They form where giant loops of magnetism, generated deep inside the sun, well up and burst through the surface, leading to a localised drop in temperature which we see as a dark patch. Any changes in sunspot numbers reflect changes inside the sun.

What keeps the sun together?

Structure. The Sun is a huge ball of hydrogen and helium held together by its own gravity.

What is the Sun mainly made of?

The Sun is mostly made of hydrogen and helium. The Sun has about 70% of hydrogen and about 28% of helium, and these two chemical elements are the reason why the Sun shines – hydrogen turns into helium through the process of nuclear fusion.

What is the Sun made of that makes it shine?

The Sun shines by turning hydrogen into helium in its core. This process is called nuclear fusion. Fusion happens when lighter elements are forced together to become heavier elements. When this happens, a tremendous amount of energy is created.

What does the Sun contain of?

Just like most other stars, the sun is made up mostly of hydrogen, followed by helium. Nearly all the remaining matter consists of seven other elements — oxygen, carbon, neon, nitrogen, magnesium, iron and silicon.

What is the magnitude of the Sun?

The absolute magnitude M, of a star or astronomical object is defined as the apparent magnitude it would have as seen from a distance of 10 parsecs (about 32.6 light-years). The absolute magnitude of the Sun is 4.83 in the V band (green) and 5.48 in the B band (blue).

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